Military History for February

1st
1942. First carrier aircraft raid of WWII at Marshall & Gilbert Islands.

1944. Marines land at Kwajalein Atoll, WWII.

1952. Air Force acquires its first general-purpose computer, a Univac I.

1956. The Army Ballistic Missile Agency is established at Redstone Arsenal AL.

2nd
1848. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ends the war with Mexico.

1901. The Army Nurse Corps is established with 202 members.

1962. A C-123 “Ranch Hand aircraft crashes while spraying defoliant on a Viet Cong ambush site. It is the first U.S. Air Force plane lost in South Vietnam.

1968. Tet offensive begins in Vietnam.

3rd
1852. Marines land at Buenos Aires, Argentina to protect American lives.

1945. A total of 959 B-17 crews carry out the largest raid to date against Berlin by American bombers.

3rd -11th
1984. Navy Capt. Bruce McCandless becomes the first human satellite as he takes the self-contained Manned Maneuvering Unit out for a spin while in Earth orbit on space shuttle mission 41-B.

4th
1868. Marines land in Osaka, Japan to protect foreign nationals.

1919. Congress creates Navy Cross and Distinguished Service Medal.

1946. The Air Force Association is incorporated.

1949. The Civil Aeronautics Administration sanctions use of ground-controlled approach for commercial airline crews.

5th
1918. Marine Replacement Battalion sails for France, WWI.

6th
1862. MGEN U.S. Grant begins a successful joint Army-Navy campaign to capture Confederate forts, opening the Tennessee river as a route deep into the South.

1959. USAF successfully launches the first Titan ICBM.

1962. Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV) established under Army control to direct the growing U.S. advisory and assistance program.

7th
1800. Frigate ESSEX first USN ship to cross Equator.

1832. 250 Marines defeat Malay pirates in Sumatra, Indonesia.

1942. Presidential order creates the War Shipping Administration that assumes control over all phases of merchant marine activities.

8th
1944. Marines secure Kwajalein atoll in record 8 days. Depart on 24th.

9th
1904. Marines establish first permanent garrison in Honolulu.

1943. Japanese resistance ends on Guadalcanal, WWII.

1948. First helicopters delivered to the Marine Corps.

10th
1945. Task Force 58 attack Tokyo, Okinawa, and provide air support for Iwo Jima operation.

1983. The Cruise Pact is signed by the US and Canada, allowing testing of US cruise missiles in northern Canada.

1992. Retired Coast Guard Chief Journalist Alex Haley, internationally noted author and the first person to ever hold that rate in the Coast Guard, dies of a heart attack.

11th
1904. Marines land at Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.

1971. U.S. and USSR sign ocean floor nuclear weapon treaty.

12th
1918. Marines land at Scapa Flow in WWI.

1935. Airship Macon crashes off California coast. This loss effectively ends the Navy's rigid airship program.

1973. Operation Homecoming, the return of 591 American POWs from North Vietnam, begins.

13th
1943. Marines establish Women's Reserve.

1991. Two HU-25A Falcon jets from Coast Guard Air Station Cape Cod, equipped with Aireye technology, depart for Saudi Arabia for the Inter-agency oil spill assessment team use.

14th
1823. Paddlewheeler Sea Gull is first steamship to see combat.

1989. The first McDonnell Douglas Delta II space booster is launched from Cape Canaveral FL. The 128-foot-tall rocket boosts the first operational NS-7 Navstar Block II Global Positioning System satellite into orbit.

15th
1898. U.S. Battleship Maine explodes in Havana harbor.

1928. President Coolidge signs bill authorizing acceptance of a new site near San Antonio, Tex., to become the Army Air Corps training center later known as Randolph AFB.

1991. In one of the most unusual air-to-air victories ever, Capt. Tim Bennett and Capt. Dan Bakke shoot down an Iraqi helicopter with a 2,000-pound laser-guided bomb dropped from their F-15E.

16th
1804. Captured frigate Philadelphia blown up in Tripoli harbor.

1926. Congress authorized Secretary of Treasury to acquire a site at New London CT, without cost to United States, and construct buildings for the United States Coast Guard Academy at a total cost not to exceed $1,750,000.

17th
1776. Continental Navy squadron puts to sea for the first time.

1864. Confederate submarine H. L. Hunley sinks steam sloop Husatonic.

1938. Six Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses leave Miami, Fla., on a goodwill flight to Buenos Aires, Argentina. The return trip to Langley Field, VA is the longest non-stop flight in Air Corps history.

18th
1862. Congress authorized Coast Guard cutters to enforce law forbidding importation of Chinese “coolie labor.

1991. Cruiser Princeton and AAS Tripoli mined in Persian Gulf.

19th
1942. Battle of Badoeng Strait.

1945. Marines begin landing on Iwo Jima, WWII.

20th
1815. Frigate Constitution defeats and captures British frigate Cyane and sloop Levant.

1962. Marine LCOL John Glenn made three orbits in a manned space capsule. His Friendship 7 flight lasts nearly five hours.

21st
1943. The Navy credits the USCGC Spencer for attacking and sinking the U-225 in the North Atlantic.

1945. 6th Army units complete the WWII recapture of Bataan, Philippines.

22nd
1909. U.S. “Great White Fleet returns to Hampton Roads, VA, ending its celebrated world cruise to major ports of call. .

1942. U.S. Army Bomber Command is established in England, becoming the first American air headquarters in Europe in World War II.

1978. The first test satellite in the Air Force's Navstar Global Positioning System is successfully launched into orbit.

23rd
1912. The first official recognition of the rating “Military Aviator appears in the War Department Bulletin No. 2.

1945. Five Marines and a Navy corpsman raised the American flag on Mt. Surabachi, Iwo Jima, during WWII.

24th
1954. President Eisenhower approves the National Security Council's recommendation for construction of the Distant Early Warning (DEW) Line.

1991. Marines breach Iraqi mine fields, and spearhead Desert Storm ground offensive.

25th
1861. The Confederate Marine Corps is organized in Richmond, VA.

1945. B-29 crews begin night incendiary raids on Japan. 334 aircraft drop 1,667 tons of firebombs, destroying 15 sq. miles of Tokyo.

1960. The Army successfully launches the first solid fuel Pershing ballistic missile from a mobile tactical launcher

26th
1819. Congress authorizes the Navy to protect U.S. commerce and punish piracy.

1967. Navy begins laying first U.S. mines in North Vietnam waters.

27th
1942. WWII Battle of Java Sea begins.

28th
1847. Army's Missouri Volunteers win their second victory against Mexican forces, and continue their heroic march deeper into Mexico to join General Taylor's army.

1917. For the first time in the U.S., the human voice is transmitted by radio telephone from an airplane to the ground, at San Diego CA..

1991. Operations Desert Storm ends.